Gut Instinct: Creating Scientific Theories with Online Learners

論文URL:http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025769

論文アブストラクト:Learners worldwide collectively spend millions of hours per week testing their skills on assignments with known answers. Might some of this time fruitfully be spent posing and exploring novel questions? This paper investigates an approach for learners to contribute scientific ideas. The Gut Instinct system embodies this approach, hosting online learning materials and invites learners to collaboratively brainstorm potential influences on people's microbiome. A between-subjects experiment compared the performance of participants who engaged in just learning, just contributing, or a combination. Participants in the learning condition scored highest on a summative test. Participants in both the contribution and combined conditions generated novel, useful questions; there was not a significant difference between the two. Though participants in the combined condition both learned and contributed, this setting did not exhibit an additive benefit, such as better learning in the combined condition. These results highlight the promise and difficulty of double-bottom-line learning experiences.

日本語のまとめ:

オンライン学習サイトに学術貢献要素を加えると学習・貢献の相乗効果が表れるか、微生物叢(細菌等の体内バランス)に関する学習/貢献サイトを舞台として検証。学習と貢献のどちらか一方の場合と両方の場合に差は見られなかった。

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