Bottom-up vs. Top-down: Trade-offs in Efficiency, Understanding, Freedom and Creativity with InfoVis Tools

論文URL:http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025942

論文アブストラクト:The emergence of tools that support fast-and-easy visualization creation by non-experts has made the benefits of InfoVis widely accessible. Key features of these tools include attribute-level operations, automated mappings, and visualization templates. However, these features shield people from lower-level visualization design steps, such as the specific mapping of data points to visuals. In contrast, recent research promotes constructive visualization where individual data units and visuals are directly manipulated. We present a qualitative study comparing people's visualization processes using two visualization tools: one promoting a top-down approach to visualization construction (Tableau Desktop) and one implementing a bottom-up constructive visualization approach (iVoLVER). Our results show how the two approaches influence: 1) the visualization process, 2) decisions on the visualization design, 3) the feeling of control and authorship, and 4) the willingness to explore alternative designs. We discuss the complex trade-offs between the two approaches and outline considerations for designing better visualization tools.

日本語のまとめ:

ボトムアップとトップダウンの2種類の視覚化ツールを用いてデータセットの視覚化を行わせた。前者は視覚化プロセスの理解を助け成果物へのオーサーシップの感情を促進すること後者は負担が少ないがシステムの影響を受けやすいことが分かった.

(113文字)

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