Session:「Drones」

Spiders in the Sky: User Perceptions of Drones, Privacy, and Security

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025632

論文アブストラクト: Drones are increasingly being used for various purposes from recording footage in inaccessible areas to delivering packages. A rise in drone usage introduces privacy and security concerns about flying boundaries, what data drones collect in public and private spaces, and how that data is stored and disseminated. However, commercial and personal drone regulations focusing on privacy and security have been fairly minimal in the USA. To inform privacy and security guidelines for drone design and regulation, we need to understand users' perceptions about drones, privacy and security. In this paper, we describe a laboratory study with 20 participants who interacted with a real or model drone to elicit user perceptions of privacy and security issues around drones. We present our results, discuss the implications of our work and make recommendations to improve drone design and regulations that enhance individual privacy and security.

日本語のまとめ:

ドローン規制を行うにはまず、ドローンのプライバシーとセキュリティへの影響に対する人々の認識を知る必要がある。そのため人々の認識を調査し、規制の方向性を提案した。

Privacy Mechanisms for Drones: Perceptions of Drone Controllers and Bystanders

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025907

論文アブストラクト: Drones pose privacy concerns such as surveillance and stalking. Many technology-based or policy-based mechanisms have been proposed to mitigate these concerns. However, it is unclear how drone controllers and bystanders perceive these mechanisms and whether people intend to adopt them. In this paper, we report results from two rounds of online survey with 169 drone controllers and 717 bystanders in the U.S. We identified respondents' perceived pros and cons of eight privacy mechanisms. We found that owner registration and automatic face blurring individually received most support from both controllers and bystanders. Our respondents also suggested using varied combinations of mechanisms under different drone usage scenarios, highlighting their context-dependent preferences. We outline a set of important questions for future privacy designs and public policies of drones.

日本語のまとめ:

ドローンによる盗撮を防止する手法を提案しても、人々が効果的、実用的であると感じなければその手法が採用されることはない。そこで、8つの既存手法に対し、人々がどのように感じているかをオンラインで調査した。

Free to Fly in Public Spaces: Drone Controllers' Privacy Perceptions and Practices

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3026049

論文アブストラクト: Prior research has discovered various privacy concerns that bystanders have about drones. However, little is known about drone controllers' privacy perceptions and practices of drones. Understanding controllers' perspective is important because it will inform whether controllers' current practices protect or infringe on bystanders' privacy and what mechanisms could be designed to better address the potential privacy issues of drones. In this paper, we report results from interviews of 12 drone controllers in the US. Our interviewees treated safety as their top priority but considered privacy issues of drones exaggerated. Our results also highlight many significant differences in how controllers and bystanders think about drone privacy, for instance, how they determine public vs. private spaces and whether notice and consent of bystanders are needed.

日本語のまとめ:

ドローン使用者のプライバシー問題への関心を調査することは、ドローンを設計をするために重要である。そこで、12人のドローン使用者にインタビューし、非使用者との間に認識の差があることを明らかにした。

Drone & Wo: Cultural Influences on Human-Drone Interaction Techniques

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025755

論文アブストラクト: As drones become ubiquitous, it is important to understand how cultural differences impact human-drone interaction. A previous elicitation study performed in the USA illustrated how users would intuitively interact with drones. We replicated this study in China to gain insight into how these user-defined interactions vary across the two cultures. We found that as per the US study, Chinese participants chose to interact primarily using gesture. However, Chinese participants used multi-modal interactions more than their US counterparts. Agreement for many proposed interactions was high within each culture. Across cultures, there were notable differences despite similarities in interaction modality preferences. For instance, culturally-specific gestures emerged in China, such as a T-shape gesture for stopping the drone. Participants from both cultures anthropomorphized the drone, and welcomed it into their personal space. We describe the implications of these findings on designing culturally-aware and intuitive human-drone interaction.

日本語のまとめ:

ドローンの直感的な操作方法は使用者の文化的背景に影響を受ける。そのため、米国と中国の被験者を比較し文化的特性による操作方法の差異を明らかにした。