Session:「Sharing, People and Communities」

Building a Maker Community Around an Open Hardware Platform

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3026056

論文アブストラクト: This paper reflects on the dynamics and practices of building a maker community around a new hardware platform. We examine the factors promoting the successful uptake of a maker platform from two perspectives: first, we investigate the technical and user experience considerations that users identify as the most important. Second, we explore the specific activities that help attract a community and encourage sustained participation. We present an inductive approach based on the case study of Bela, an embedded platform for creating interactive audio systems. The technical design and community building processes are detailed, culminating in a successful crowdfunding campaign. To further understand the community dynamics, the paper also presents an intensive three-day workshop with eight digital musical instrument designers. From observations and interviews, we reflect on the relationship between the platform and the community and offer suggestions for HCI researchers and practitioners interested in establishing their own maker communities.

日本語のまとめ:

Maker Community形成を観察した研究。ハードウェアBelaを用意し、Belaコミュニティの観察をした。十分なオープンソースを用意する必要や、知識共有ができるような既存コミュニティが重要であることが分かった。

Celebratory Technology to Orchestrate the Sharing of Devices and Stories during Family Mealtimes

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025492

論文アブストラクト: While the idea of "celebratory technologies" during family mealtimes to support positive interactions at the dinner table is promising, there are few studies that investigate how these technologies can be meaningfully integrated into family practices. This paper presents the deployment of Chorus - a mealtime technology that orchestrates the sharing of personal devices and stories during family mealtimes, explores related content from all participants' devices, and supports revisiting previously shared content. A three-week field deployment with seven families shows that Chorus augments family interactions through sharing contents of personal and familial significance, supports togetherness and in-depth discussion by combining resources from multiple devices, helps to broach sensitive topics into familial conversation, and encourages participation from all family members including children. We discuss implications of this research and reflect on design choices and opportunities that can further enhance the family mealtime experience.

日本語のまとめ:

家族との食事中のインタラクションを促すChorusというシステムの提案。共有したい写真を複数のスマートフォンやタブレットを使って表示し、会話を促す。このChorusを用いて7つの家族を対象に3週間ほどの実験を行った。

Exploring Topic-Based Sharing Mechanisms

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025840

論文アブストラクト: General-purpose content-sharing platforms make it difficult for users to limit sharing to people interested in particular topics. Additional topic-based controls may allow users to better reach desired audiences. Designing such tools requires understanding current interest-based targeting techniques and the potential impact of additional mechanisms. We present an exploratory, interview-based study (n = 16) that addresses these dynamics for Facebook. We use diary-driven probes to explore general topic-based sharing across applications. We then use Facebook-based mockups to probe use cases and design tensions around adding topic-based sharing mechanisms to Facebook. We find that participants currently draw on various audience-limiting and reaching strategies to target interest-based audiences. Participants felt additional topic-based sharing mechanisms on Facebook might allow them to avoid oversharing or offending others and allow them to target improved audiences or share improved content. Usable topic-based sharing tools would also need to account, however, for participants' varied desired engagement strategies.

日本語のまとめ:

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HCI and Environmental Public Policy: Opportunities for Engagement

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3025453.3025579

論文アブストラクト: This note discusses opportunities for the HCI community to engage with environmental public policy. It draws on insights and observations made during the primary author's recent work for a policy unit at Global Affairs Canada, which is a federal ministry of the Government of Canada. During that work, the primary author identified several domains of environmental public policy that are of direct relevance to the HCI community. This note contributes a preliminary discussion of how, why, with whom, and in what capacity HCI researchers and practitioners might engage with three types of environmental public policy: climate change, waste electrical and electronic equipment, and green ICT procurement policies. This builds on existing public policy and environmental knowledge within the HCI community and responds directly to calls from some members to engage with environmental public policy.

日本語のまとめ:

HCIが環境政策に携わる機会についてまとめた。第一著者であるヴァネッサが温暖化、電子機器廃棄物、グリーンICTの3つの観点からの洞察をまとめた。また、これらの環境政策に携わるにあたって直面しうる問題についても述べている。