Session:「Children's Technology Use and Safety」

MABLE: Mediating Young Children's Smart Media Usage with Augmented Reality

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173587

論文アブストラクト: There has been a growing concern over the huge increase in use of smart media by young children. This study explores the possibility of using augmented-reality(AR) for regulat-ing preschoolers' media usage behavior. With MABLE (mobile application for behavioral learning and education), parents can provide AR-assisted feedback by changing facial expressions and sound effects. When overlaying a smart media, which has MABLE running, in front of a QR marker on a puppet, a facial expression is displayed on top of the puppet's face. A two-week long experiment with 36 parent-child pairs showed that compared to using just the puppet, using MABLE showed higher amount of engage-ment among preschoolers. For the effectiveness of parental mediation in terms of self-control, our data showed mixed results. MABLE had positive effects in that the amount of rule-compliance increased and problematic behaviors de-creased, whereas the level of behavioral dependency on smart media was not influenced.

日本語のまとめ:

ARを用いて幼児がスマートフォンを利用している際に、親が仲介できるモバイルアプリケーション(MABLE)。 実験の結果、ARありの方が無しの時に比べ、子どもが約束を守るようになった。

A Matter of Control or Safety?: Examining Parental Use of Technical Monitoring Apps on Teens' Mobile Devices

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173768

論文アブストラクト: Adoption rates of parental control applications ("apps") for teens' mobile devices are low, but little is known about the characteristics of parents (or teens) who use these apps. We conducted a web-based survey of 215 parents and their teens (ages 13-17) using two separate logistic regression models (parent and teen) to examine the factors that predicted parental use of technical monitoring apps on their teens' mobile devices. Both parent and teen models confirmed that low autonomy granting (e.g., authoritarian) parents were the most likely to use parental control apps. The teen model revealed additional nuance, indicating that teens who were victimized online and had peer problems were more likely to be monitored by their parents. Overall, increased parental control was associated with more (not fewer) online risks. We discuss the implications of these findings and provide design recommendations for mobile apps that promote online safety through engaged, instead of restrictive, parenting.

日本語のまとめ:

10代のモバイル機器に対する技術監視アプリケーションの使用に関して、2つのロジスティック回帰モデルを使用し、215人の親と10代に対して調査したもの。 親のモデルと10代のモデルの両方で権威主義の親が監視アプリを使用することがわかった。

Coco's Videos: An Empirical Investigation of Video-Player Design Features and Children's Media Use

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173828

論文アブストラクト: In this study, we present Coco's Videos, a video-viewing platform for preschoolers designed to support them in learning to self-manage their media consumption. We report results from a three-week experimental deployment in 24 homes in which preschoolers used three different versions of the platform: one that is neutral to the limits they set, one that enforces the limits they set, and one that attempts to erode the limits they set by automatically playing additional content after the planned content is finished ("post-play"). We found that post-play significantly reduced children's autonomy and likelihood of self-regulation, extended video-viewing time, and led to increases in parent intervention. We found that the lock-out mechanism did not reduce video-viewing time or the likelihood of parent intervention. Together, our results suggest that avoiding platforms that work to undermine the user's intentions is more likely to help children self-regulate their media use than rigid parental controls.

日本語のまとめ:

メディアの消費を自己管理することを学ぶビデオ視聴プラットフォーム。 実験により、postplayは子どもの自主性や自己規制を下げる結果が出た。 また時間制限をしてもビデオ視聴時間が下がらなかった。

Co-designing Mobile Online Safety Applications with Children

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3174097

論文アブストラクト: Parents use mobile monitoring software to observe and restrict their children's activities in order to minimize the risks associated with Internet-enabled mobile devices. As children are stakeholders in such technologies, recent research has called for their inclusion in its design process. To investigate children's perceptions of parental mobile monitoring technologies and explore their interaction preferences, we held two co-design sessions with 12 children ages 7-12. Children first reviewed and redesigned an existing mobile monitoring application. Next, they designed ways children could use monitoring software when they encounter mobile risks (e.g., cyberbullying, inappropriate content). Results showed that children acknowledged safety needs and accepted certain parental controls. They preferred and designed controls that emphasized restriction over monitoring, taught risk coping, promoted parent-child communication, and automated interactions. Our results benefit designers looking to develop parental mobile monitoring technologies in ways that children will both accept and can actively benefit from.

日本語のまとめ:

モバイルアプリケーションの安全性について子どもと一緒に設計した際のリサーチ。その結果、子どもがモバイルの安全に対するニーズを認めペアレンタルコントロールを受け入れた。