Session:「Designing to empower」

From Research to Practice: Informing the Design of Autism Support Smart Technology

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173676

論文アブストラクト: Smart technologies (wearable and mobile devices) show tremendous potential in the detection, diagnosis, and management of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) by enabling continuous real-time data collection, identifying effective treatment strategies, and supporting intervention design and delivery. Though promising, effective utilization of smart technology in aiding ASD is still limited. We propose a set of implications to guide the design of ASD-support technology by analyzing 149 peer-reviewed articles focused on children with autism from ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore, and PubMed. Our analysis reveals that technology should facilitate real-time detection and identification of points-of-interest, adapt its behavior driven by the real-time affective state of the user, utilize familiar and unfamiliar features depending on user-context, and aid in revealing even minuscule progress made by children with autism. Our findings indicate that such technology should strive to blend-in with everyday objects. Moreover, gradual exposure and desensitization may facilitate successful adaptation of novel technology.

日本語のまとめ:

自閉症スペクトラム障害を支援するモバイル・ウェアラブル技術の研究に関するレビュー論文。情報・医療の両分野から網羅的に論文を収集し、対象領域(自閉症の早期発見、ソーシャルスキル向上支援など)やデザイン上の留意点を分析。

vrSocial: Toward Immersive Therapeutic VR Systems for Children with Autism

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173778

論文アブストラクト: Social communication frequently includes nuanced nonverbal communication cues, including eye contact, gestures, facial expressions, body language, and tone of voice. This type of communication is central to face-to-face interaction, but can be challenging for children and adults with autism. Innovative technologies can provide support by augmenting human-delivered cuing and automated prompting. Specifically, immersive virtual reality (VR) offers an option to generalize social skill interventions by concretizing nonverbal information in real-time social interactions. In this work, we explore the design and evaluation of three nonverbal communication applications in immersive VR. The results of this work indicate that delivering real-time visualizations of proximity, speaker volume, and duration of one's speech is feasible in immersive VR and effective for real-time support for proximity regulation for children with autism. We conclude with design considerations for therapeutic VR systems.

日本語のまとめ:

自閉症の人が苦手としがちな対人スキルの向上を目指した介入を行うVRシステムの設計と評価。声の音量・他者との距離感・会話時間の長さを表示することで、それぞれの要素を適切に調節する能力が向上する可能性を確認した。

Design Opportunities for AAC and Children with Severe Speech and Physical Impairments

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173801

論文アブストラクト: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technologies can support children with severe speech and physical impairments (SSPI) to express themselves. Yet, these seemingly 'enabling' technologies are often abandoned by this target group, suggesting a need to understand how they are used in communication. Little research has considered the interaction between people, interaction design and the material dimension of AAC. To address this, we report on a qualitative video study that examines the situated communication of five children using AAC in a special school. Our findings offer a new perspective on reconceptualising AAC design and use revealing four areas for future design: (1) incorporating an embodied view of communication, (2) designing to emphasise children's competence and agency, (3) regulating the presence, prominence and value of AAC, and (4) supporting a wider range of communicative functions that help address children's needs.

日本語のまとめ:

コミュニケーション能力に障害を持った人の利用するデバイスAACが実際に使用される様子を特別支援学校でのビデオ分析を通じて研究した。AACを利用したコミュニケーションでは、大人が会話を主導する傾向があることなどが判明した。

StammerApp: Designing a Mobile Application to Support Self-Reflection and Goal Setting for People Who Stammer

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173841

論文アブストラクト: Stammering is a speech disorder affecting approximately 1% of the worldwide population. It can have associated impacts on daily life, such as loss of confidence in social situations and increased anxiety levels (particularly when speaking to strangers). Work exploring the development of digital tools to support people who stammer (PwS) is emerging. However, there is a paucity of research engaging PwS in the design process, with participation being facilitated mainly in testing phases. In this paper, we describe the user-centered design, development and evaluation of StammerApp, a mobile application to support PwS. We contribute insights into the challenges and barriers that PwS experience day-to-day and reflect on the complexities of designing with this diverse group. Finally, we present a set of design recommendations for the development of tools to support PwS in their everyday interactions, and provide an example of how these might be envisioned through the StammerApp prototype.

日本語のまとめ:

吃音(どもり)症の人を支援するモバイルアプリのユーザ中心設計を行った研究。アンケートやワークショップを通じて機能要件を決定。実際に開発したアプリには、練習シナリオ機能・目標設定機能などが提供された。