Session:「Force Feedback in VR」

Substituting Motion Effects with Vibrotactile Effects for 4D Experiences

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3174002

論文アブストラクト: In this paper, we present two methods to substitute motion effects using vibrotactile effects in order to improve the 4D experiences of viewers. This work was motivated by the needs of more affordable 4D systems for individual users. Our sensory substitution algorithms convert motion commands to vibrotactile commands to a grid display that uses multiple actuators. While one method is based on the fundamental principle of vestibular feedback, the other method makes use of intuitive visually-based mapping from motion to vibrotactile stimulation. We carried out a user study and could confirm the effectiveness of our substitution methods in improving 4D experiences. To our knowledge, this is the first study that investigated the feasibility of replacing motion effects using much simpler and less expensive vibrotactile effects.

日本語のまとめ:

4D体験において運動効果に代わる 振動触覚効果を用いた2つの方法を提案した.一つは前庭フィードバックに基づいたアルゴリズムを使用し,もう一つはカメラの視覚的な動きに合わせて振動を提示する方法です.

Thor's Hammer: An Ungrounded Force Feedback Device Utilizing Propeller-Induced Propulsive Force

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3174099

論文アブストラクト: We present a new handheld haptic device, Thor's Hammer, which uses propeller propulsion to generate ungrounded, 3-DOF force feedback. Thor's Hammer has six motors and propellers that generates strong thrusts of air without the need for physical grounding or heavy air compressors. With its location and orientation tracked by an optimal tracking system, the system can exert forces in arbitrary directions regardless of the device's orientation. Our technical evaluation shows that Thor's Hammer can apply up to 4 N of force in arbitrary directions with less than 0.11 N and 3.9° of average magnitude and orientation errors. We also present virtual reality applications that can benefit from the force feedback provided by Thor's Hammer. Using these applications, we conducted a preliminary user study and participants felt the experience more realistic and immersive with the force feedback.

日本語のまとめ:

3自由度の力学的なフィードバックを生成する ハプティックデバイス「Thor’s Hammer」を開発した.デバイスの向きに関係なく任意の方向に力を 加えることができ,最大4Nのフィードバックを 生成できることを確認した.

Flotation Simulation in a Cable-driven Virtual Environment -- A Study with Parasailing

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3174206

論文アブストラクト: This paper presents flotation simulation in a cable-driven virtual environment. For this, a virtual parasailing system was developed, where the visual stimulus was provided through a VR headset and the physical stimulus was given by wires. In order to prevent the user from moving out of the limited workspace of the cable-driven system, the visual acceleration was washout-filtered to produce the physical acceleration. In the parasailing trajectory, we focused on the stages of vertical acceleration/deceleration and conducted an experiment to identify how much gain can be applied to the visual acceleration, which makes the user feel the natural self-motion when integrated with physical stimulus. Then, the results were tested using several types of full-course virtual parasailing. The results showed that fairly large differences between visual and physical stimuli would be accepted and different gains could be assigned depending on the user's altitudes.

日本語のまとめ:

視覚刺激と物理的刺激を提供できる仮想パラセーリングシステムを開発した.実験によって視覚刺激が物理的刺激より早いにもかかわらず,自然に感じられることとユーザの高度に応じて異なる出力を割り当て可能であることを確認した.

Haptic Links: Bimanual Haptics for Virtual Reality Using Variable Stiffness Actuation

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3174218

論文アブストラクト: We present Haptic Links, electro-mechanically actuated physical connections capable of rendering variable stiffness between two commodity handheld virtual reality (VR) controllers. When attached, Haptic Links can dynamically alter the forces perceived between the user's hands to support the haptic rendering of a variety of two-handed objects and interactions. They can rigidly lock controllers in an arbitrary configuration, constrain specific degrees of freedom or directions of motion, and dynamically set stiffness along a continuous range. We demonstrate and compare three prototype Haptic Links: Chain, Layer-Hinge, and Ratchet-Hinge. We then describe interaction techniques and scenarios leveraging the capabilities of each. Our user evaluation results confirm that users can perceive many two-handed objects or interactions as more realistic with Haptic Links than with typical unlinked VR controllers.

日本語のまとめ:

2つのVRコントローラ間を物理的に接続し,駆動させることで動きを制御する「Haptic Links」を開発した.Chain,Layer-Hinge,Ratchet-Hingeの3つのプロトタイプの設計と実装を行った.