Session:「Roads and Crowds」

The Impact of Abstract vs. Concrete Feedback Design on Behavior Insights from a Large Eco-Driving Field Experiment

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3173953

論文アブストラクト: About 17% of the worldwide CO2-emissions can be ascribed to road transportation. Using information systems (IS)-enabled feedback has shown to be very efficient in promoting a less fuel-consuming driving style. Today, in-car IS that provide feedback on driving behavior are in the midst of a fundamental change. Increasing digitalization of in-car IS enables virtually any kind of feedback. Still, we see a gap in the empirical evidence on how to leverage this potential, raising questions on future HCI-based feedback design. To address this knowledge gap, we designed an eco-driving feedback IS and, building upon construal level theory, hypothesize that abstract feedback is more effective in reducing fuel consumption than concrete feedback. Deployed in a large field experiment with 56 participants covering over 297,000km, we provide first empirical evidence that supports this hypothesis. Despite its limitations, this research may have general implications for the design of real-time feedback.

日本語のまとめ:

エコ運転を促す情報提示法に関する研究。解釈レベル理論において人間は心理的距離が遠いものは抽象的に考えるため直接的なフィードバックよりも抽象化したフィードバックが適すると仮説立て検証した。検証は30万km56人のデータで行った。分析から仮説が支持された。

Too Close and Crowded: Understanding Stress on Mobile Instant Messengers based on Proxemics

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3174189

論文アブストラクト: Nowadays, mobile instant messaging (MIM) is a necessity for our private and public lives, but it has also been the cause of stress. In South Korea, MIM stress has become a serious social problem. To understand this stress, we conducted four focus groups with 20 participants under MIM stress. We initially discovered that MIM stress relates to how people perceive the territory in MIM. We then applied proxemics-the theory of human use of space-to the thematic analysis as the rationale. The data revealed two main themes: too close and too crowded. The participants were stressed due to design features that let strangers or crowds into their MIM applications and forced them to interact and share their status with them. Based on this finding, we propose a set of implications for designing anti-stress MIM applications.

日本語のまとめ:

メッセージアプリは便利な一方でそのストレスが問題である。20人のフォーカスグループから問題について調査・分析した。結果としてtoo closeとtoo crowdedという2つの問題が導出された。それらを踏まえたデザインを提案した。

Navigation Systems for Motorcyclists: Exploring Wearable Tactile Feedback for Route Guidance in the Real World

論文URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3173574.3174191

論文アブストラクト: Current navigation systems for motor cyclists use visual or auditory cues for guidance. However, this poses a challenge to the motorcyclists since their visual and auditory channels are already occupied with controlling the motorbike, paying attention to other road users, and planing the next turn. In this work, we explore how tactile feedback can be used to guide motorcyclists. We present MOVING (MOtorbike VIbrational Navigation Guidance), a smart kidney belt that presents navigation cues through 12 vibration motors. In addition, we report on the design process of this wearable and on an evaluation with 16 participants in a real world riding setting. We show that MOVING outperforms off-the-shelf navigation systems in terms of turn errors and distraction.

日本語のまとめ:

バイクのナビは画面見てると危ないので振動子を用いて曲がる方向やタイミングの提示を行うシステム。まず提示に適した身体の位置を調査。その後システムを試作して従来のナビと比較検証した。逃した交差点数やインタビュー結果から提案法が優れることを主張。